The first capital on Timor island for the Portuguese was at Lifau, in Oé-Cusse. The arrival of the Portuguese at this spot, just a few miles west of Pante-Macassar, in 1515, is considered the beginning of the colonial era.
Locals referred to the area as ‘Lean Faun”, meaning “foreign people”, the Portuguese, not speaking the local language, referred to it as “Lifau”.
To this day the spot is used in special cultural events such as the popular Good Friday procession, which is attended by hundreds of celebrants.
To commemorate the spot ZEESM TL has built a monument to the arrival, featuring the ship, and those the new arrivals. Read more about the culture and history of Lifau in this section.